Titanium Flanges is a metal having an atomic number of 22, a silvery tint, and excellent strength. Chemically speaking, titanium is a sort of element with the symbol Ti. Therefore, it plays a crucial role as an alloying agent with numerous metals, such as iron, molybdenum, and aluminium. 6 percent of it is aluminium, 4 percent vanadium, 0.25 percent (at most) iron, and 0.2 percent (at most) oxygen make up its chemical makeup. The melting point of titanium is 3034°F (1668°C). The boiling point of titanium alloy is 5949°F (3287°C). There are different grades of titanium, such as Grade 1, Grade 3, Grade 2, Grade 7, Grade 5, Grade 9, Grade 12, and Grade 23.
Although significantly less dense, Titanium Flanges are just as strong as steel. Refractory metal made of titanium is both strong and light. Due to their low density and ability to tolerate tremendous temperatures, these alloys are mostly utilised in spacecraft, aircraft, and missiles. Because titanium has high resistance to corrosion in seawater, it is used in desalination facilities and to safeguard the hulls of ships, submarines, and other structures exposed to the ocean. Laptops, golf clubs, bicycles, and crutches are among the items that utilise them.
A titanium flange is a type of component used to join pipes that are attached to pipe ends and are constructed of the non-ferrous metal titanium or a titanium alloy. The titanium flange has holes, and bolts securely link the two flanges. A gasket is used to seal the flange. Pipe fittings having flanges are referred to as flange pipe fittings.
It can be created through welding or a threaded connection. Two flanges, a gasket, plus a number of bolts and nuts make up the flange connection. Between the two flange sealing surfaces is where the gasket is inserted. After the nut is tightened, the gasket surface experiences deformation and a particular level of specific pressure, which fills in any uneven areas on the sealing surface and ensures a tight connection.
Several Types of Titanium Flanges
They are also known as screwed flanges and have a female thread inside the bore for installing male-threaded fittings or pipework with ease. These are frequently used to avoid welding, although they cannot be used in applications involving high temperatures or high pressures.
Socket weld flanges
These flanges are installed by first inserting the pipe into the flange and then filleting the pipe against a shoulder at the bottom of the flange. Compared to other welded varieties, this installation is less complicated and helps get over the drawbacks of threaded ends. It has some restrictions, though, as these flanges should only be used with small-diameter pipes operating at low temperatures and low pressures. The clean bore and enhanced flow that these flanges produce are their best feature.
Weld neck flanges
Installation of these flanges requires butt welding, thus the name. The end of the pipe or fitting is welded to the tapered hub on the flange’s one end. Process pipework, especially with frequent bends and changes in pipe diameter, is advised to use these flanges because they offer high temperature and high-pressure operation.