Difference Between Viral & Bacterial Sinus Infections and Their Best Treatment

symptoms of sinus infections

Difference Between Viral & Bacterial Sinus Infections & Their Best Treatment

Almost everyone experiences the symptoms of a common cold such as a runny nose, sneezing, nasal congestion, and sinus pressure. But sometimes these symptoms can indicate sinusitis or a sinus infection. Sinus infection can be viral as well as bacterial. Knowing which one are you suffering from help in treating the problem easily and effectively.

What is the difference between viral and bacterial sinus infections?

Typically, sinus infections are divided into two categories, mainly known as acute and chronic sinus infections. Usually, acute infections last for a few weeks, while chronic infections last longer. Another way to divide sinus infections is by their causes. A bacterial sinus infection is caused by bacteria and a viral sinus infection is caused by a virus. Usually, a bacterial sinus infection is serious than a viral infection. 

A viral sinus infection is caused by viruses that infect the lining of your nasal cavity or generally the ear, nose, and throat. Viral upper respiratory infection, also known as the common cold is the most common factor that causes viral sinus infection. However, a bacterial sinus infection is caused by bacteria that affects the lining of your facial and nasal cavities. This usually starts in the nasal cavity before spreading to the sinuses.

People often think that it’s possible to differentiate between viral and bacterial sinus infections by looking at the symptoms. But that’s not the case. Simply because the symptoms of sinus infections are almost the same whether it’s caused by virus or bacteria.

The common symptoms of viral or bacterial sinus infection may include the following.

Bad breath




Postnasal drip

Facial pain




Sore throat

Yellow or green mucus

Pain or swelling in the nasal area

Pus-like nasal discharge

Runny or stuffy nose

Pus-like nasal discharge

The above-mentioned symptoms can occur in the cases of both viral or bacterial sinus infections. However, they may vary significantly in their durations. You will start to feel better between just 5-7 days if you have a viral sinus infection. But in the case of bacterial sinus infection, the symptoms may be persistent.

What is the best treatment for sinus infections?

Several treatment options are there for sinus infections. This may include medications, home remedies, natural remedies, Ayurvedic treatment, Homeopathic Treatment, etc. But surgical procedures are considered the most effective treatments for sinus infections. Among several surgical treatments of sinus infections, Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (FESS) is considered the best and permanent treatment.

FESS is one of the most preferred options for sinus surgery. It’s an advanced surgical procedure during which an ENT specialist uses a magnifying endoscope to view the sinus and remove the affected tissues or bones. This surgery improves sinus ventilation and enlarges the nasal pathways of the paranasal sinus. FESS reduces the blockages and flushes out the infected material while maintaining healthy tissues for the nose to function normally.

During this surgical procedure, an ENT surgeon makes a small incision inside the nose and inserts a medical instrument called an endoscope through that incision to look inside the nasal cavity. Sometimes FESS is performed in conjunction with other sinus surgeries such as septoplasty. The chances of complications or side effects during and after this surgery are almost zero.

FESS is a painless and bloodless procedure that hardly takes 30-45 minutes to complete. It’s a daycare procedure where you don’t even need hospitalization after completion of the surgery. You will be discharged from the hospital within a few hours of your surgery. This advanced surgery involves no stitches and results in no scars or wounds. You can even resume your daily routine just from the very next day and you will be recovered completely in just 2-3 days.

FESS is a short, precise, and successful surgical treatment of sinus infections. If you experience the symptoms of sinus infections or are suffering from the same, you should choose FESS for your treatment after consulting with an experienced, reliable, and skilled ENT doctor.

Pristyn Care offers FESS across major cities of India

If you or any of your family members are suffering from sinus infections and seeking the best surgical treatment for the same in or near your city, we would highly recommend you to contact Pristyn Care. It’s a healthcare service provider that has tied up with the best ENT hospitals and clinics across India. FESS is performed on an outpatient basis at their clinics and hospitals. Pristyn Care-associated clinics and hospitals are completely equipped with modern and advanced medical technologies.

The ENT doctors at Pristyn Care clinics and hospitals are highly experienced and have mastered the art of performing FESS. Apart from treating sinus infections at an affordable price with the most advanced surgical technique, Pristyn Care also offers several free services to its patients, including free pick up and drop on the day of the surgery, free follow-ups after the surgery, and 30% off all diagnostic tests among many others.

One of the best things about choosing Pristyn Care is that the entire surgical treatment of sinus infections is as seamless as you can imagine. Pristyn Care would be the best choice if you want to get rid of sinus infections in just one day without feeling any pain or problem throughout the entire treatment journey.


Sinus infections are preventable as well as treatable. In most cases, people recover without seeing a doctor or taking any medication. However, consult an experienced doctor if you have sinus infections as you could have underlying health complications such as nasal polyps.

If you experience any symptoms of sinus infections or suffering from the same, you should consult an ENT doctor as soon as possible. Ignoring the symptoms or delaying the treatment can lead to several serious complications such as an abscess, meningitis, orbital cellulitis, or osteomyelitis.


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