Kiwi Farming
Kiwi Farming

Kiwi fruit is mostly cultivated in Italy, the USA, Australia, France, Chile, Spain, China, Japan, etc. This is because it contains high nutritional and medical value.

It is a rich source of vitamins B and C and minerals like calcium, phosphorus and potassium. Kiwi fruits are eaten fresh and mixed with other fruits in salads and desserts. We also use kiwi fruit to prepare squash and wine. Jammu and Kashmir, Sikkim, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Kerala, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh are states that grow kiwi fruit in India.

The procedure of growing kiwi needs the most prominent equipment that is the tractor. Therefore we suggest the Mahindra yuvo tractor.

Kiwi Fruit Cultivation

Kiwi vines are quite hardy and grow at a huge variety of temperatures such as:-

  • Well-drained and fertile soils
  • Shelter from the wind
  • ample moisture year-round
  • Protection from spring frosts and autumn

Suitable Soil for Kiwi Farming

Bay of Plenty’s rich, yellow-brown loams are well-draining, but they need regular nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus once the vines have grown. Generally, 200 kg nitrogen, 55 kg phosphorus and 100-150 kg potassium per hectare are applied to the gardens in spring and early summer.

Land Preparation for Kiwi Fruit

For planting vines, farmers should level the steep land with terraces. Then, they should orient the row in a north-south direction for getting maximum sunlight. After that, they should complete the work of pit filling and a mixture of manure.

The Season for Planting Kiwi Fruit

Kiwi fruit planting normally takes place in January. The soil should place tightly around the roots. The plants are hard to cut to approximately 30 cm. This fruit planting must occur at the same depth at which the plants in the nursery are grown.

Spacing for Kiwi plants

Kiwi planting range varies according to variety and training method. For planting, pergola designs and T-bar are generally adopted. It requires a space of 4 meters in T-bar and row to row 5-6 m. In the pergola method, a distance of 6 meters is common between one plant to another. It should be organized from one column to another. Male plants are dispersed through the orchard to ensure pollination. The placement ratio between males and females is approximately 1:5.

Nutrition requirement for Kiwi Plants

It is recommended to use an NPK mixture containing 850-900 grams. N, between 500 and 600 grams. p, between 800 and 900 grams. K and manure from the field should be applied annually.

Kiwi requires high CI as its deficiency adversely affects the production of shoots and roots. On the other hand, excess levels of B are dangerous. Therefore, farmers should distribute the N fertilizer in two equal doses, between half and two-thirds in January–February and the rest in April–May after fruit collection. In young vines, fertilizer is mixed into the soil within the periphery of the vine and spread evenly over the entire soil surface for mature vines.

Kiwi Pruning and Training 

Farmers require pruning because kiwi vines grow in large quantities and become overloaded. Pruning should start as soon as the vine is planted. Rather than focusing on how to prune a kiwi in the first year, you should focus on direct growth and a strong structure. Tie the vine loosely with a stick and keep going straight up. The vines should not wrap around the poles. All lateral branches should be cut until the vine reaches the top of the pole.

Remove the vine’s top half and stimulate side shoots to grow along the wire of the framework. Winter is the best season for pruning. If the vine does not form healthy lateral branches at the top, trim the main branch to about 2 feet and try to grow the proper lateral branching at the top again the following year.

Remove the top half of the vine and encourage side shoots to grow laterally along the wires of the framework. Winter is the best season for pruning. If the vine does not create healthy side branches at the top, trim the main branch by approximately 2 feet and attempt growing it and forming proper side branches at the top again the following year.

Irrigation requirement for Kiwi plants

Farmers irrigate the kiwi plant from September to October when the fruit is in the initial growth stage. Irrigation is effective in the farming of kiwi plants for 10-15 days.

Fertilizer Requirements 

For good growth of kiwi, 20 kg of farm manure and 0.5 kg of NPK mixture containing 15% nitrogen is required every year. After 5 years, apply the same amount of farm manure and NPK as described 850-900 g Nitrogen, 800-900 g Potassium and 500-600 g Phosphorous every year.

Pests and Disease control of Kiwi plants

In kiwi cultivation, root rot, especially in sites with poor drainage, can be aggravated by infection with the Phytophthora soil fungus. Armillaria Novaezelandiae, the native bootless fungus, is transmitted from infected dead tree stumps or buried wood to kiwifruit, causing a fatal infection. Gray mold botrytis rot infects flowers and young fruits in humid climates.

Pollination in Kiwi Farming

The flowers are thinned and pollinated in early summer. Kiwi fruit is not self-pollinating. Therefore it is significant to dedicate a portion of each orchard to male vines if pollen is added for artificial pollination. Unlike most other fruits, kiwi fruit requires a high level of pollination. Growers pollinate the flowers either temporarily or artificially and place many beehives in the orchards.

Harvesting of Kiwi

Kiwi vine starts growing at 4-5 years of age, while commercial production begins at 7-8. At lower altitudes, fruits mature earlier and later at higher altitudes due to temperature variation. Large-sized berries are picked first, while smaller ones are allowed to grow in size. After harvesting, the farmers rub the kiwi with a coarse cloth to remove the hard hairs present on the surface of the fruit. Strong fruits are brought up to the market. Later, in two weeks, they lose their firmness and become edible.

In the complete guidelines, farming requires the most important equipment, which plays a major role in agro-processing. Equipment, harvesters and tractors are the major ones in kiwi cultivation; Hence, we suggest the Massey tractor 241.

For more information regarding kiwi fruit cultivation, stay tuned with us.

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here