Ophthalmology is a medical specialty, but there are also several subspecialties of Ophthalmology CRO that focus on certain diseases or parts of the eyes. This is not a complete list of all subspecialties within the field of ophthalmology, although it is a good overview of the options for ophthalmologists who wish to further specialize in a particular area.
Anterior segment surgery
This subspecialty focuses on the anterior segment of the eye, which includes the cornea, iris, ciliary body, and lens. Ophthalmologists who specialize in this area have advanced knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of these structures and are able to perform complex surgical procedures.
Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Since most practicing ophthalmologists perform cataract surgery on a regular basis, it is not a subspecialty in the sense that others do. However, this is a separate field of ophthalmology, and doctors may want to expand their knowledge of this area of eye health. Ophthalmology CRO with this subspecialty commonly perform refractive surgery to correct refractive errors of the eye.
Cornea and external diseases Ophthalmology CRO
This subspecialty of ophthalmology deals with diseases of the cornea, conjunctiva, sclera and eyelids. Ophthalmologists specializing in this area may work with patients who have corneal dystrophies, inflammation, microbial infections, or conjunctival or corneal tumors. These specialists routinely perform refractive and corneal transplant surgeries.
This special specialty focuses on the treatment of glaucoma and disorders that increase intraocular pressure or damage the optic nerve and cause eye disorders. It includes both medical and surgical care for patients with glaucoma and related conditions.
Neuroophthalmology Ophthalmology CRO
This specialization combines knowledge of neurological and eye conditions, such as optic nerve damage, which impairs visual ability. Ophthalmologists usually work in Vial area with non-surgical techniques, although sometimes eye and orbit surgery may be the most appropriate option.
This specialization deals with the medical and surgical care of patients with eye cancer. Ophthalmology CRO working in this field may be responsible for processing and interpreting pathological eye specimens to guide treatment decisions.
Oculoplastic and orbital surgery
This specialization focuses on ocular plastic surgery techniques such as orbital surgery, upper facial reconstruction and cosmetic eyelid surgery. Ophthalmologists working in this field are usually trained to use chemotherapy, radiotherapy and chemosurgery when required in the treatment of orbital and eye diseases.
This specialty covers both ophthalmology and pathology, providing a unique blend of skills that are useful for examining eye and adnexal tissue samples and making an appropriate Ophthalmology CRO diagnosis.
This specialization is focused on the treatment of eye diseases that affect children. This commonly includes strabismus or eye misalignment, amblyopia, genetic abnormalities, and neoplastic disorders. Ophthalmologists working in this field may also work with ocular manifestations associated with underlying systemic disorders.
Uveitis and immunology
This specialization is based on inflammation of the iris, ciliary body or choroid of the eye as a result of immune-related eye diseases. Ophthalmologists working in this field have specific knowledge of Ophthalmology CRO ocular immunomodulation therapy. They also often collaborate with specialists in rheumatology or immunology.
This specialty, sometimes known as posterior segment or retinal ophthalmology, deals with the medical and surgical treatment of retinal and vitreoretinal diseases. They may use laser therapy, vitrectomy, cryotherapy, and retinal detachment surgery to treat these conditions.
If you’ve ever had an eye exam, needed eye surgery, or had an eye infection, you’ve probably noticed that there are different types of eye doctors to choose from. From optometrists to ophthalmologists, you can be confused about who you should see and when.
What exactly is the difference between an optometrist and an ophthalmologist (besides how difficult it is to spell “ophthalmologist”)? Each eye professional plays their own important role in your eye care, so it’s helpful to know the difference.
What is an optometrist?
An optometrist (doctor of optometry) is like a general practitioner, but for your eyes. Although exact services vary from practice to practice, optometrists provide a range of primary vision care services.
What services and treatments can optometrists provide?
While all optometrists are trained to provide primary care for your eyes, they are perhaps best known for their expertise in providing vision correction and care. These eye doctors focus on optimizing your visual acuity and help you manage and optimize your vision as it changes throughout your life.
Some of the services offered by optometrists include:
- Eye examination and vision tests
- Prescription glasses updates and glasses solutions
- Contact lens fittings
- Examination of common eye diseases and conditions
When should you see an optometrist?
You can see your optometrist for most of your routine eye care needs. In fact, you should see them for a routine eye exam every year to make sure your vision is optimized and your eyes are healthy. Many eye diseases develop without symptoms, so an eye exam is essential to monitor your eyes in general.
What is a Medical Ophthalmology CRO?
There is a new and emerging category of eye doctor in America – the medical optometrist. A medical optometrist is a doctor of optometry who has chosen to focus exclusively on providing medical eye care to ensure the overall vision and eye health of their patients. These specialized doctors receive additional advanced specialty training, often through residency programs focused exclusively on eye diseases and conditions such as dry eye disease, glaucoma, diabetic eye, age-related macular degeneration, among others.
What services and treatments can a medical optometrist provide?
Medical optometrists may also offer vision correction services and write prescriptions for glasses and contacts, but they are dedicated to providing primary Ophthalmology CRO medical care for your eyes, evaluating the health of your eyes, monitoring and diagnosing diseases in their earliest stages, and providing a wide range of therapeutic interventions.
Services and therapies offered by medical optometrists include:
- Comprehensive eye examination for adults, children and seniors
- An eye examination specially designed for patients with diabetes
- Diagnosis and treatment of various eye diseases (such as glaucoma, macular degeneration, anterior eye and corneal diseases and cataracts)
- Diagnosis of dry eye and options for comprehensive therapy
- Pre- and post-operative care including advice on surgical options
- Emergency eye care
- Prescription drugs
In addition to primary vision care, your medical optometrist also plays a significant role in your overall health care. A comprehensive medical eye exam can often reveal medical conditions seemingly unrelated to your eyes, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, aneurysms, autoimmune diseases, and some neurological conditions.
When should you see a medical optometrist?
Even if you have perfect vision or have corrected your vision to 20/20, there is much more to overall vision and eye health. Because many eye diseases and conditions develop without any symptoms in the earliest stages, an annual Ophthalmology CRO medical eye exam can help identify threatening problems before damage occurs. Therefore, you should include an annual eye doctor visit in your regular health routines to achieve optimal health.
What is an ophthalmologist?
An ophthalmologist is a doctor who has advanced training in eye care and is licensed to practice medicine and surgery. These are secondary level eye care providers who often work with your optometrist.
Talking about the difference between an optometrist and an ophthalmologist is almost like comparing your family doctor and a cardiologist. You visit your general practitioner regularly and for general health problems. But if you have heart disease and need more advanced care, you should see a cardiologist.