Securing IoT Devices Running on Linux: Challenges and Best Practices

The Internet of Things (IoT) has become an important part of our lives, connecting and automating many different areas in a smooth way. Linux-powered IoT devices are used by many people because they are flexible, cost-effective, and open source. But the number of devices that can connect to the internet has also raised security worries. As hackers keep going after IoT devices that are weak, it is important to deal with the problems and use best practises to keep IoT devices running Linux safe. In this piece, we’ll talk about the risks and challenges of IoT devices, as well as how to use Linpeas and other tools to make them safer.

Challenges in Securing IoT Devices on Linux

Resource Constraints: Most Internet of Things gadgets have limited processing power, memory, and storage space. This limitation often makes it hard to put in place strong security measures, leaving them open to threats.

Proliferation of Devices: Since the number of IoT devices is growing at an exponential rate, there are more places to attack. Each device could be a way for hackers to get into 

the whole network, which makes IoT security management a difficult job.

Lack of Firmware Updates: Manufacturers often put more emphasis on making new products than on making sure that current devices have the latest firmware updates and patches. This means that security holes won’t be fixed, leaving IoT devices open to known attacks.

Inadequate Authentication Mechanisms: Manufacturers often put more emphasis on making new products than on making sure that current devices have the latest firmware updates and patches. This means that security holes won’t be fixed, leaving IoT devices open to known attacks.

Lack of Encryption: Data sent and kept on IoT devices is often not encrypted, which makes it easy for bad people to intercept and change.

Poor Network Security: Most IoT devices are linked to networks with different levels of security. This makes it easier for attackers to switch networks and get into more important systems.

Supply Chain Risks: The complex supply chain involved in manufacturing IoT devices can introduce potential vulnerabilities, as compromised components could be embedded in the devices.

Best Practices for Securing IoT Devices Running on Linux

Regular Firmware Updates: Manufacturers must make it a priority to release timely firmware patches to fix security holes. Users should be told to update their devices as soon as possible to make sure they are safe from known threats.

Strong Authentication: It is very important to give each IoT gadget its own strong and unique credentials. During the first setup, the default passwords should be changed, and two-factor authentication (2FA) should be used whenever possible.

Encryption of Data: Make sure that data is protected both when it is being sent and when it is being stored. For secure contact, SSL/TLS protocols should be used, and sensitive information should be encrypted with algorithms that are standard in the business.

Network Segmentation: Use network segmentation to keep IoT devices away from systems that are important to the business. This makes it harder for attackers to move laterally through the network if one of the IoT devices is hacked.

Conduct Regular Security Audits: Use tools like Linpeas to check the security of IoT devices on a regular basis. Linpeas is a strong enumeration tool for Linux that helps find security holes, bad settings, and ways to gain more privileges. By running Linpeas on IoT devices, managers can learn important information about possible security holes and take steps to fix them.

How to Use Linpeas to Secure IoT Devices

Linpeas is a flexible script that checks Linux computers for security problems and ways to gain more privileges. Even though it is mostly used on Linux servers and PCs, it can also be used on IoT devices that run Linux. Here’s how Linpeas can be used to protect IoT devices:

Step 1: 

Obtain Linpeas Script Download the latest version of Linpeas from the official GitHub repository. Ensure that the script is compatible with the IoT device’s architecture and operating system. 

Step 2: Transfer Linpeas to IoT Device Transfer the Linpeas script to the IoT device. This can be done via SSH, SCP (Secure Copy Protocol), or any other secure method supported by the device. 

Step 3: Execute Linpeas on the IoT Device Log in to the IoT device using SSH or any other remote access method. Navigate to the directory where Linpeas was transferred and execute the script with appropriate permissions:

chmod +x


Step 4: Review the Results Once Linpeas completes its enumeration, it will generate a report containing valuable information about the IoT device’s configuration, potential vulnerabilities, and privilege escalation paths. Review the results carefully to identify and prioritize security issues. 

Step 5: Apply Security Recommendations Based on Linpeas’ findings, take necessary actions to address security concerns. This may include applying firmware updates, securing network configurations, and strengthening authentication mechanisms. 


Securing IoT devices running on Linux presents unique challenges due to resource constraints, the proliferation of devices, and a lack of timely firmware updates. By following best practices such as regular firmware updates, strong authentication, data encryption, network segmentation, and conducting security audits with tools like Linpeas, we can enhance the security posture of IoT devices. 


As the IoT landscape continues to evolve, it is essential for manufacturers, developers, and users to collaborate in implementing robust security measures to safeguard these interconnected devices and the sensitive data they handle. By addressing the security challenges and incorporating best practices, we can build a more secure and resilient IoT ecosystem.


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