Phlebitis, with or without a blood clot, may occur. It is likely to be superficial or deep. When it is caused by a severe blood clot, it is commonly known as thrombophlebitis or deep vein thrombosis (DVT).
People are sometimes unaware that until they experience a life-threatening complication, they have a DVT. PE is the most frequent and severe complication of DVT. When a fragment of the blood clot breaks off and moves to the lungs, a PE occurs where blood flow is blocked.
Thrombophlebitis is an inflammatory process that causes one or more veins, usually in your legs, to develop and obstruct a blood clot. The affected vein may be deep inside a muscle or near the surface of the skin. Trauma, surgery, or excessive inactivity are among the causes.
Veins on the skin surface area affected by superficial phlebitis. The disorder is rarely extreme and typically recovers easily, with appropriate treatment. Deep vein thrombophlebitis is often present in individuals with superficial phlebitis, so a medical examination is required.
The larger blood vessels, generally deep in the legs, are affected by deep vein thrombophlebitis. It is possible to develop large blood clots that can break away and move to the lungs. This is a critical disease known as pulmonary embolism.
Symptoms Of Phlebitis
The following symptoms are prevalent:
- Redness and swelling in arm or leg
- Pain in the affected area
- Lumps in leg
- High fever
Just about half of those that develop DVT have symptoms. This is why DVTs, such as pulmonary embolism (PE), can not be detected before a severe complication occurs.
Superficial phlebitis, due to a medical or surgical operation, can be a complication. The risk of forming a blood clot is increased by damage to a vein. Often, without injury, clots occur. The following are some risk variables for thrombophlebitis:
- Smoking cigarettes
- Sedentary lifestyle
- A certain medical condition that may increase the chances of a blood clot
- Hormone replacement therapy
Before taking long flights or road trips, if you have one or more risk factors, discuss preventive measures with your doctor or if you intend to have elective surgery, recovery from which would require you not to move much.
The risk factors of Phlebitis or thrombophlebitis will increase due to the following:
- For a long time, you are not making your body move, either because you are confined to a bed or because you ride in a car or plane for a long period.
- Have varicose veins, a frequent cause of thrombophlebitis
- Have a pacemaker or a small, flexible tube in the central vein to treat a medical condition that can irritate the wall of the blood vessel and reduce the flow of blood.
- Pregnant women or have recently given birth to a baby.
- Have previously experienced Phlebitis or thrombophlebitis
- Have a family history of a blood-clotting disorder or blood clots in the body
- Have experienced a stroke
- You are old.
Treatment Options For Phlebitis
For superficial phlebitis, an anti-inflammatory drug such as aspirin or ibuprofen may help relieve pain and inflammation. But confirm first with your doctor. Exercise may help in increasing blood flow in the body, which prevents the formation of blood clots. Stockings for prescription leg compression may increase blood flow and can help alleviate the pain and swelling.
You will need to take anticoagulants to treat DVT, which will make it harder for your blood to clot. You may be a candidate for a procedure called a thrombectomy if the DVT is very extensive and creates severe issues with the return of blood to the leg. A surgeon inserts a wire and catheter into the infected vein in this operation and either eliminates the clot, dissolves it with clot-breaking drugs, such as tissue plasminogen activators, or performs a mixture of both.
Generally, along the superficial veins on the skin, there is a slow onset of a tender red patch. As the inflammation increases through the vein, a long, thin red area can be noticeable. It can feel harsh, warm, and tender in this area. The skin around the vein is likely itchy and swollen. It can begin to throb or burn the area. Symptoms can worsen when the leg is lowered, especially when you get out of bed in the morning for the first time. A person is experienced fever. If you have symptoms of swelling, discomfort, and inflamed superficial veins in your arms or legs, call your health care provider.