Allergic reactions have been since the early beginning of the human race and it is a common phenomenon among animals too. It particularly happens when the body’s immune system reacts in a wrong way to the presence of a pathogen or any substance that it may count as a possible threat. In response to the allergic reactions, your body may usually have been exposed to something that may have escalated the body’s immune response. But it is also possible to have a yet unbroken response for which no possible causes has yet been identified. The allergen which usually affects a body is consumed by touching, inhaling, swallowing or injecting and any of these incidents can happen during a routine health checkup, vaccination or it can be caused by an animal bite such as an insect sting.
What are the possible causes of allergic reactions?
Pets can get exposed to allergic reactions with many substances and this is a wide expansion that particularly raises from grass to food. One of the best veterinarians, Newport Beach, suggested that a dog can be allergic about almost anything.
Common allergens in dogs may include:
- Life pharmaceutical sciences such as vaccines, flea medicines and antibiotics.
- Bite from certain animals such as Bee stings, wasp stings and bug bites.
- Chemicals that are prepared in industries. This may include floor cleaners and air fresheners.
- Flora including plants such as nettles and grass.
- A condition known as Flea allergy dermatitis or better abbreviated as FAD, it is a sensitivity in dogs when they are exposed to flea saliva. It is possible that even a flea or two can cause your dog to grow itchiness and un comfortability for longer periods of time.
Severe allergy in Dogs
One of the serious allergic reactions that tends to happen in dogs is Anaphylaxis, It is rapid in the beginning and can prove to be malignant with time. Anaphylaxis is a fatal disease and its symptoms come with every minute ranging to hours. Experts at the hospital of vets, Newport Beach stated that a dog who is suffering from anaphylaxis or is showing symptoms of a severe allergic reaction may need emergency veterinary treatment and you need to respond rapidly.
How to know if your dog has developed an allergic reaction?
Experts at Irvine animal hospital say that there are many possible signs and symptoms that may indicate that your dog is suffering from an allergic reaction. These signs and symptoms may include:
- Your dog may bite or lick the infected area, and it may visualize as being itchy.
- The infected area with an allergic reaction may appear as swollen, red and have visible allergic red patches that are common among the dogs.
- Some other problems such as sneezing, congestion in lungs and episodes of being uncomfortable, a condition also known as hay fever may appear.
- Anaphylaxis, as stated above, is possible to cause breathing difficulties.
- A rapid and fast paced heartbeat.
- Conditions such as Excessive Vomiting or passing of stool.
- Episodes of fainting, sudden collapses and going unconscious.
- Heart attack or cardiac arrest.
When will you possibly require a vet for your dog?
If your dog is experiencing the above signs and symptoms or has begun to develop breathing difficulties, along with swelling in their throat, then it is advisable to contact a veterinarian immediately. You can help them by taking them to the vet and it should be done with utmost care.
Treatment for mild allergy and reactions in Dogs
Antihistamine is a drug suggested by many vets in order to help treat mild allergies in dogs. If your dog is suffering from a mild allergic reaction then your veterinarian may examine your pet and upon demonstration, he or she may suggest an antihistamine tablet or syrup because it is known to be very effective on the dogs. The prescribed drug will take a minimum of 15 minutes to work efficiently. If there is any possibility that the allergic reaction may be lethal and life threatening then call your personal or the best vet immediately.
Treatment for severe allergy in Dogs
Adrenaline is a drug from medical sciences that is able to treat severe allergies in dogs. In case of severe allergic reactions in dogs, your vet is probably going to give him doses of adrenaline. Adrenaline which is also known as epinephrine is a medicinal drug that quickly reacts to constrict blood vessels, helping with muscles to relax them within the lungs to boost your dog’s breathing, stimulate the heartbeat and helps in reducing swelling. If your dog is tempted to show signs of a more severe reaction, then your dog might spend a few days at the veterinary hospital for further treatment.
The primary advice that any veterinarian will give you to avoid any lethal troubles is to keep your dog in hygienic conditions and stay away from allergens as much as possible. As stated above, your dog can also develop an allergic reaction to any foods and it becomes a difficult task to figure out which one of the possible causes may have caused the allergic reaction. You can also avoid it by not smoking around your pet and taking care of harmful chemicals that can cause severe allergy in your dogs.